Purification and filtering of water are very popular in today’s health-conscious world. While the two terms are often used interchangeably, a water purifier is most often a portable device used while camping or while in an area with very unsafe water conditions. In this article, we’ll show you how a water purifier works, as well as highlight some different types of purifiers which are available.
What is Purification?
Purification is the process of making water safe to drink. There are many different guidelines for what makes water safe to drink, and these guidelines vary by country, state and municipality. In many areas, there are different guidelines for water which is considered safe to bathing and
washing clothes than water intended for drinking or food preparation. To be considered safe for consumption, water must be free of anything harmful. This includes viruses, unsafe levels of certain minerals, bacteria, chemical toxins, parasites, waste, radiation and many other dangerous substances. A water purifier works by either physically filtering the water, passing it through iodine to kill living organisms, or both. Water is allowed to drip through the filter and/or chemicals, effectively straining out and killing anything harmful. Water should never be forced through a purifier.
What Level of Purification Do You Need?
Where you are in the world plays a big role in determining which level of purification is required. If you are, for example, going camping in a remote area of another wise industrialized country, you will likely get by just fine with a filtration purifier. However, if you are at all worried about contamination due to viruses, decaying organic matter or other more serious types of pollution, a water purifier that can kill these potential hazards should be used. If you’re not sure but want to err on the side of caution, go with the more powerful purifier.
Different Types of Purifiers
Since we’re focusing on portable water purification systems, we’ll look at three main types. The most portable and least expensive type of water purifier is a bottle with a filter built right in. These purifiers can be found in both levels of efficiency, and do a great job of filtering small amounts of water. However, they have obvious limits due to their small size. If you’re going on a short hike, however, these bottles are a wonderful and cost-effective way to ensure clean drinking water. Hand-held purifiers are great for longer trips, or for occasions where you want to dispense the water into separate containers. These easy-to-use purifiers are extremely simple; you pour water into the filter, and allow it to drip through. A collection container is usually located at the end of a hose, which you can detach for easy pouring.
The last main type of purifier is usually more expensive. However, for serious outdoor enthusiasts, it can be the most convenient. Many of today’s elaborate backpacks feature a built-in water supply. This is great for keeping hydrated while on the go. A water container is built right into the backpack itself, and a straw can be extended for taking sips as you hike. You can purchase a water purifier specially designed to integrate into these systems, ensuring that wherever you are, you’ll have safe and convenient drinking water.